Comprehensive planning at the municipal level, although useful in a variety of ways, is neither necessary nor sufficient to promote "smart" (that is, pedestrian and transit-oriented) growth. Comprehensive plans can be used to support sprawl as easily as to support smart growth, while smart growth may be promoted effectively through zoning reform or statewide legislation as well as through local planning.
Lewyn, Michael, "The (Somewhat) False Hope of Comprehensive Planning" (2013). Scholarly Works. 767.
New York Law School